Maitake (Grifola frondosa) vs. cancer

Maitake D (MD)-Fraction is a highly purified soluble β-glucan derived from Grifola frondosa (an oriental edible mushroom). Intraperitoneal (i.p.) injection of MD-Fraction has been reported to inhibit tumor growth via enhancement of the host immune system. In this study, we demonstrated that oral administration of MD-Fraction as well as i.p. injection significantly inhibited tumor growth in murine tumor models. After oral administration, MD-Fraction was not transferred to the blood in its free form but was captured by antigen-presenting cells such as macrophages and dendritic cells (DCs) present in the Peyer’s patch. The captured MD-Fraction was then transported to the spleen, thereby inducing the systemic immune response. Our study showed that MD-Fraction directly induced DC maturation via a C-type lectin receptor dectin-1 pathway. The therapeutic response of orally administered MD-Fraction was associated with (i) induced systemic tumor-antigen specific T cell response via dectin-1-dependent activation of DCs, (ii) increased infiltration of the activated T cells into the tumor and (iii) decreased number of tumor-caused immunosuppressive cells such as regulatory T cells and myeloid-derived suppressor cells. Our preclinical study suggests that MD-Fraction is a useful oral therapeutic agent in the management of patients with cancer.

In summary, our results demonstrated that orally administered MD-Fraction inhibits tumor growth by (i) inducing the systemic tumor-antigen specific T cell response via the dectin-1 dependent activation of DCs, (ii) increasing the infiltration of the activated T cells into the tumor and (iii) decreasing tumor-linked immunosuppressive elements such as Tregs and MDSCs. Our preclinical study advocates the implementation of MD-Fraction as an oral therapeutic agent in the management of patients with cancer.

http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/ijc.27999/full

Where to buy medicinal mushrooms? Order mushroom extracts from China

What you should know about medicinal mushroom extracts:

– buy only hot water mushroom extracts OR alcohol mushroom extracts
– avoid powdered mushroom because your body will not digest “chitin”
– avoid powdered mushrooms because they almost don’t have any active ingredients
– hot water extraction is the only way for breaking polysaccharides out of indigestible mushroom cells
– seriously, powdered mushrooms are not better than “placebo”
– only extraction provides concentrated polysaccharides
– only extraction provides good concentration of bioavailable ingredients
– read this article about five major medicinal mushrooms: “Immune Modulation From Five Major Mushrooms: Application to Integrative Oncology”
https://ww.ncbi.wnlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4684115/

Where to buy good quality medicinal mushrooms extracts?

There are many companies selling “food suplements” with medicinal mushrooms. Unfortunetly they are extremly overpriced and often contain powdered mushrooms instead of mushroom extracts. Many companies sell products that are not better than “placebo”. It’s because your body will not digest chitin from powdered mushrooms.

Fortunetly you can order mushroom extracts from China.

A few months ago I was looking for a good bio-technology company from China. I’ve requested informations from 15-20 sellers available on AliBaba and AliExpress. That’s how I found XI’AN NATE BIOLOGICAL TECHNOLOGY CO.,LTD.

They gave me the answers to all my questions and they had real knowledge about mushroom extracts. That’s why I decided to buy Coriolus Versicolor (Trametes Versicolor) extract from them. I paid via Western Union and a few days later I got my package, via FedEx, without any problems.

http://www.natesw.com/

That’s why I decided to share my knowledge with you and I asked them for actual price list for all medicinal mushrooms extracts.

Prices below are for 200 kgs, but you can order 1 kg too. Of course the price for 1 kg will be higher.

Item name Specifications / Active ingredients Ref.Qty.kg USD/kg FOB
Chaga mushroom extract (from fruiting body) Polysaccharide>40%,triterpene>2%, Betulinic acid >2% 200kg $ 74.0/kg

Polysaccharide>20%,triterpene>6% 200kg $ 132.0/kg
Reishi mushroom spore powder Wall broken ratio>98% 200kg $55.0/kg
Reishi mushroom extract (from fruiting body) Polysaccharide>30%,triterpenoid>2% 200kg $57.0/kg

Polysaccharide>40%,triterpenoid>2% 200kg $70.0/kg
Polysaccharide>10%,triterpenoid>4% 200kg $86.0/kg
Polysaccharide>10%,triterpenoid>8% 200kg $125.0/kg
Cordycep sinensis extract(CS-4 mycelium) Polysaccharide>30%,Adenosine 0.5 200kg $65.0/kg
 Polysaccharide>40%,Adenosine 1.0 200kg $74.0/kg
Cordyceps militaris extract (from fruiting body) Polysaccharide>40%,Adenosine 0.5 200kg $ 73.0/kg

Polysaccharide>50%,Adenosine 1.0 200kg $ 85.0/kg
Polysaccharide>20%,Cordycepin 1.0% 200kg $ 97.0/kg
Polysaccharide>15%,Cordycepin 3.0% 200kg $ 302.0/kg
Lion’s mane mushroom extract (from fruiting body) Polysaccharide>40% 200kg $ 64.0/kg
 Polysaccharide>50% 200kg $ 75.0/kg
Coriolus versicolor / Turkey tail extract Polysaccharide>40% 200kg $ 65.0/kg
 Glycopeptide 30%,protein 10% 200kg $ 86.0/kg
Shiitake mushroom extract (from fruiting body)

Polysaccharide>40% 200kg $54.0/kg
 Polysaccharide>50% 200kg $62.0/kg
Maitake mushroom extract Polysaccharide>40% 200kg $ 67.0/kg
Maitake mushroom extract MD>30%,Protein10% 200kg

$114.0/kg

Agaricus blazei extract Polysaccharide>40% 200kg $ 55.0/kg
Phellinus igniarius extract (from fruiting body)

Polysaccharide>20%,triterpenoid>1% 200kg

$57.0/kg

 Polysaccharide>40%,triterpenoid>2% 200kg

$99.0/kg

Tremella fuciformis extract Polysaccharide>40% 200kg

$65.0/kg

Enoki mushroom extract Polysaccharide>40% 200kg

$67.0/kg

Coprinus comatus extract Polysaccharide>40% 200kg

$65.0/kg

Agrocybe cylindraceaextract Polysaccharide>40% 200kg

$64.0/kg

Antrodia Camphorata extract Polysaccharide>40% 200kg

$83.0/kg

Poria cocos extract

Polysaccharide>40% 200kg

$54.0/kg

Polyporus umbellatus extract Polysaccharide>40% 200kg

$58.0/kg

AHCC

Alpha-glucan>40%

200kg

$89.0/kg

Agaricus bisporus extract Polysaccharide>40%

200kg

$58.0/kg

Chantarelle extract Polysaccharide>40%

200kg

$56.0/kg

Boletus edulis extract Polysaccharide>40%

200kg

$67.0/kg

Medicinal mushrooms and cancer – a scientific review

From time immemorial, mushrooms have been valued by humankind as a culinary wonder and folk medicine in Oriental practice. The last decade has witnessed the overwhelming interest of western research fraternity in pharmaceutical potential of mushrooms. The chief medicinal uses of mushrooms discovered so far are as anti-oxidant, anti-diabetic, hypocholesterolemic, anti-tumor, anti-cancer, immunomodulatory, anti-allergic, nephroprotective, and anti-microbial agents. The mushrooms credited with success against cancer belong to the genus Phellinus, Pleurotus, Agaricus, Ganoderma, Clitocybe, Antrodia, Trametes, Cordyceps, Xerocomus, Calvatia, Schizophyllum, Flammulina, Suillus, Inonotus, Inocybe, Funlia, Lactarius, Albatrellus, Russula, and Fomes. The anti-cancer compounds play crucial role as reactive oxygen species inducer, mitotic kinase inhibitor, anti-mitotic, angiogenesis inhibitor, topoisomerase inhibitor, leading to apoptosis, and eventually checking cancer proliferation. The present review updates the recent findings on the pharmacologically active compounds, their anti-tumor potential, and underlying mechanism of biological action in order to raise awareness for further investigations to develop cancer therapeutics from mushrooms. The mounting evidences from various research groups across the globe, regarding anti-tumor application of mushroom extracts unarguably make it a fast-track research area worth mass attention.

Read the whole raport: Recent developments in mushrooms as anti-cancer therapeutics: a review

Medicinal mushrooms vs. cancer – clinical trials

This review discusses the immunological roles of 5 major mushrooms in oncology: Agaricus blazei, Cordyceps sinensis, Grifola frondosa, Ganoderma lucidum, and Trametes versicolor. These mushrooms were selected based on the body of research performed on mushroom immunology in an oncology model. First, this article focuses on how mushrooms modify cytokines within specific cancer models and on how those cytokines affect the disease process. Second, this article examines the direct effect of mushrooms on cancer. Finally, this article presents an analysis of how mushrooms interact with chemotherapeutic agents, including their effects on its efficacy and on the myelosuppression that results from it. For these 5 mushrooms, an abundance of in vitro evidence exists that elucidates the anticancer immunological mechanisms. Preliminary research in humans is also available and is promising for treatment.

Summary of potential clinical applications of medicinal mushrooms:

Type of Cancer Indicated Mushroom
Nonsmall-cell lung cancer Cordyceps
Lung cancer Reishi (ganorderma lucidum)
Gastric cancer PSK (turkey tail/coriolus versicolor)
Hepatocellular carcinoma Agaricus, reishi (ganoderma lucidum)
Leukemia Agaricus, reishi (ganoderma lucidum)
Lymphoma Cordyceps
Breast cancer Reishi, maitake, turkey tail (Coriolus versicolor)
Colon cancer Maitake, reishi, turkey tail (Coriolus versicolor)
Prostate cancer Reishi (ganoderma lucidum)
Sarcoma Reishi (ganoderma lucidum)

Abbreviations:
PSK = polysaccharide K.
Turkey tail = Coriolus versicolor = Trametes versicolor
Reishi = Ganoderma lucidum

Check the whole review below:

Source: Immune Modulation From Five Major Mushrooms: Application to Integrative Oncology